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Sri Ganganagar covers a total area of 1,115,466 hectares. The city is surrounded by Hanumangarh District in the east, Bikaner District in the south, Bahawalnagar district in Pakistan on the west and Punjab on the north.
Topography of Sri Ganganagar
The north-western part of the district is irrigated by the Ganga canal. Amidst the greenery you can also find sand dunes. The Sri Ganganagar district lies in the great Thar Desert. The agricultural area is irrigated by Bhakhra canal and Ganga canal tributaries.
The Naali belt of the Ghaggar River is a narrow basin. This is the main river of the region with seasonal rivers flows during the rainy season. The river enters the district near Suratgarh and flows into Anoopgarh, Vijaynagar and Jaitsar, thereafter it flows into the Indo-Pak border. The high sand dunes or 'Uncha Tibba' area of Suratgarh tehsil is also known to be the “real desert” area.
Climate of Sri Ganganagar
Sri Ganganagar experience extreme weather conditions. During the summers, temperature goes up to 50 degree Celsius and dips down to 0 degree Celsius during winters. The region receives an annual rainfall of about 200mm. The average temperature during the summer months remain about 42 degree Celsius and the minimum temperature during the winters stay around 6 degree Celsius.
Population of Sri Ganganagar
According to the reports of 2011, the total population of Sri Ganganagar was around 1,969,520. Sri Ganganagar ranks 235 in India in terms of population. The population density of the district is about 179 people per square kilometer. During the period of 2001-2011 the growth rate was more than 10.06%. The sex ratio in Ganganagar is 873 out of 1000 males. The males constitute about 52.99% of the total population. Around 13% of the population is under the age of 6 years. Sikh and Hindu constitute majority of the population.